Ducks in the Jurasic

And it is not limited to bird evolution. The same problems plague studies of the evolution of plants, 5. dinosaurs, 6. insects, 7. sharks, 8. and "early man.

9 Is there any biological realm that has a clear and universally accepted evolutionary story? Insightful researchers have said there is not.

10. In his Scientific American article, Dr. Dyke recounted some startling discoveries of duck-like remains in Cretaceous rocks, which are typified by dinosaur fossils. But like the grass bits found in fossilized dinosaur dung in 2005, which appeared "much earlier than had been thought on the basis of fossils,"11. the discovery of ducks in the same kinds of rock layers as duckbill dinosaurs is another example of man-made evolutionary timelines being confounded by the data.

After more than a century of searching for a clear picture of evolution based on the fossil record, one evolutionary paleontologist admitted that "we have even fewer examples of evolutionary transition than we had in Darwin's time."

12. Nevertheless, Dyke's final sentence revealed his deep-seated faith that fossils will eventually supply evolution's missing answers: "Only with the discovery of more fossils--whether in the ground or in museum drawers--will we be able to determine how modern birds eluded elimination and took wing."

This echoes the bias exhibited by anthropologist John Hawks when he told LiveScience, regarding the confusion over the evolutionary identity of an early human fossil, "We just need to find more skulls."

13. Out-of-place fossils like Cretaceous ducks will continue to force revisions to evolutionary history because the fossil-centric approach ignores the best sources of historical data. The approach is disadvantaged by excluding these sources, and that deprives its whole interpretive framework of further avenues to explore the evidence.

Just as it is futile to attempt to reconstruct the entire history of a battle from what few scattered and decayed clues remain in the battlefield, one cannot reconstruct the major events of earth history using only fossils. Detailed knowledge of historical battles comes instead from written accounts.

Even so, the written accounts in Genesis should hold a prominent place for those who study earth's ancient past. These accounts clearly show that grass, dinosaurs, and birds co-existed--just as the fossil record demonstrates.